Network:

Deltas and coastal areas

Deltas and coastal areas are particularly vulnerable to water-related climate risks. Delta and coastal networks and communities have identified several key topics to work on including subsidence, food security, and sea level rise.  The Community of Practice will carry out exchanges and webinars in these topics to identify innovations that can be shared across the world's deltas and support learning across networks and geographies. 

Networks the WAC is in contact with: 

Due to their fertile floodplains, easy access to the ocean and inland water transport, most deltas are densely populated. Many deltas are engines for economic growth, and have higher GDP per capita than the economies in which they are located.  The Mekong Delta supports a population of 20 million people and approximately a quarter of Vietnam’s GDP. 

Without action on adaptation, the projected losses in some delta regions are large enough to stifle entire economies: for example, 9% of GDP per capita in the Volta Delta and 19.5% in Bangladesh. These losses will come from damage to infrastructure, crop production and fishing. The indirect consequences, such as the loss of livelihoods and food security, would be severe.

Key findings

There is an urgent need to improve understanding of what works in delta and costal environments, and share lessons and information across countries for scaling up. Climate adaptation in delta areas is a complex issue best looked at through a systems lens. 

In any particular delta, or coastal area, adaptation strategies require an in-depth and scientific understanding and a strong baseline that includes analysis of risk exposure and drivers of change.  This in turn requires better, open-access climate data collection.

Climate-change adaptation is a long-term game. Making deltas and coastal areas more climate resilient requires thinking in terms of decades, and creating legal and political frameworks that are conducive to long-term, integrated planning. Frameworks must be agile and flexible enough to change tack when needed.

Communities must be at the center of adaptation planning and action. Vulnerable groups in delta areas face issues that are hard to distinguish from climate impacts. Their meaningful participation must be embedded in approaches that address all their concerns and engage them in co-creating solutions.

Nature-based solutions, combining ‘green’ and ‘gray’ infrastructure, are promising but need urgent scaling. They are often also conducive to achieving multiple objectives, such as creating local jobs in operations and maintenance while building climate resilience. 

Deltas and coastal areas need dedicated governance structures organized on water management principles. Deltas and coastal zones often cut across administrative and national boundaries, creating significant governance challenges.

Nonetheless, adaptation in deltas needs an increased level of long-term financing commitments. Financial resources should be targeted to those who need adaptation most, but many low-income countries do not have the necessary resources. Innovative financial instruments are needed, such as climate resilience bonds and debt-for-resilience swaps. Development partnerships should go beyond the typical five-year project cycle.

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The Lena Delta Reserve seen from a satellite

Events

Mekong Delta
Event

Webinar: Adaptation in deltas - good practices and reaching impact at scale

24/02/2022 - 09:30 to 11:00

Speakers at the webinar presented cases of adaptation in the deltas that showed how to accelerate adaptation to address resilient and sustainable development. They highlighted good practices and how to upscale and accelerate adaptation.

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